【波士顿大图集】世界人口:何处稠密何处稀少

发布: | 发布时间:2011-11-6,星期日 | 阅读:2,733
来源:波士顿环球报网站

世界人口增长现在估计已经超过70亿,这是一个全球性的里程碑,对地球也形成了明显的挑战。有些城市人口稠密,也有人口稀少的国家。中国是人口最多的国家,印度紧随其后。这篇文章收集了我们这个世界的一些不同的图景,其中包括来自世界上人口密度最高的香港旺角区的场景,这里随着人口的增长,人口稠密度达到每平方公里13万人。蒙古是世界少人口最稀少的国家,2.7万人分散在一个面积3倍于法国大小的区域里。而在苏格兰东海岸,有一个从海里微微露头的岩礁岛,那里的居民只有65个。另外,有一个人为全球70亿人口做出了标志性的贡献,他叫Ziona,一个被称为“Chana”教派的领袖。 他拥有39个妻子,94个孩子,和33个孙子。世界真是一个有趣的地方。

World Population: Where it’s thick and where it’s thin

The growing population of the world, now estimated to be over 7 billion, marks a global milestone and presents obvious challenges for the planet.  There are extremely densely populated cities and sparsely populated countries.  China is the most populous country with India following closely behind. This post brings together some disparate illustrations of our world as it grows, including scenes from Mong Kok district in Hong Kong, which has the highest population density in the world, with 130,000 per one square kilometer. In Mongolia, the world’s least densely populated country,  2.7 million people are spread across an area three times the size of France.  Then there’s Out Skerries, a tiny outcropping of rocks off the east coast of Scotland where the population is just 65.  And doing what he can to contribute to that 7 billion global milestone is Ziona, the head of a religious sect called “Chana.”  He has 39 wives, 94 children, and 33 grandchildren. The world is an interesting place. — Paula Nelson  (41 photos total)
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Motorists pack a junction during rush hour in Taipei in 2009. Taiwan`s capital is notorious for its traffic jams, even though many motorists choose motorcycles and scooters over cars. United Nations analysts warn that population growth increases pollution, deforestation, and climate change. (Nicky Loh/Reuters)

A hot summer day in Suining, China, draws hundreds of residents to the swimming pool on July 4, 2010. China has the world`s largest population, at 1.3 billion or one out of every five people on Earth. (Reuters)

Indians gather to get water from a huge well in the village of Natwarghad in the western state of Gujarat in 2003. Although its population growth has slowed in the past quarter century, India still has the second-highest population, at 1.19 billion, with three births for every death. (Amit Dave/Reuters)

The facade of an apartment building in Shanghai, one of China`s fastest-growing urban areas. The city has about 23 million people, or the equivalent of the eight biggest cities in the United States combined. (Reuters)

Cars cross a street in Mong Kok district in Hong Kong last month. Mong Kok has the highest population density in the world, with 130,000 in one square kilometer. (Bobby Yip/Reuters)

People cross a street in Mong Kok district in Hong Kong. The United Nations, which reported the world`s population reached 7 billion on Oct. 31, says that while more people are living longer and healthier lives, gaps between rich and poor are widening and more people than ever are vulnerable to food insecurity and water shortages. (Bobby Yip/Reuters)

An elderly woman pushes a cart with paper for recycling on a street in Mong Kok district in Hong Kong, An increasing population is lessening the Earth`s resources, the United Nations says. (Bobby Yip/Reuters)

Tourists shop in Mong Kok district in Hong Kong. (Bobby Yip/Reuters)

A foreign visitor walks past stalls on Tung Choi Street or

A beggar looks for help at the entrance to Mong Kok subway station in Hong Kong. Mong Kok has the highest population density in the world. (Bobby Yip/Reuters)

A passenger rests at a bus stop in Mong Kok district in Hong Kong last month. In addition to being the world`s most populous district, Mong Kok is known for its small shops and food and clothing booths. (Bobby Yip/Reuters)

Ulan Bator is the capital of Mongolia, the world`s least densely populated country. It has 2.7 million people spread across an area three times the size of France, two-fifths in rural areas on wind-swept steppes. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Pedestrians walk along a street in the Mongolian capital Ulan Bator. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

People congregate outside a shop in the Mongolian capital Ulan Bator last month. According to a 2010 National Population Center census, every year about 35,000 people migrate from the countryside to Ulan Bator. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Young Mongolians walk through the capital Ulan Bator last month. With a population of almost one million, the capital is home to about one out of every three Mongolians. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Javzanpagma, 71, talks on the phone as her husband, Javzansuren, fixes a lantern in Shivert, northeast of Ulan Bator, last month. In addition to being the world`s least densely populated country, Mongolia is known for its rich resources of copper, gold, and coal. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Cars and buses line a street in the Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator last month. Mongolia is the world`s least densely populated country. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Yurts, such as this one in Shivert, are traditional homes that dot the Mongolian countryside. As the world`s least densely populated country, Mongolia`s economy is built on agriculture and herding. Recently, foreign investors have expressed interest in the country`s rich mineral deposits. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Jugderdem, 2, stands at the door of a traditional Mongolian yurt in Shivert, about 140 miles northeast of Ulan Bator. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Javzansuren, 72, at his home in Shivert, Mongolia. Many rural Mongolians have been migrating to the nation`s capital, Ulan Bator. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Javzansuren, 72, herds his sheep in Shivert, northeast of Ulan Bator. Herding remains an important part of the Mongolian economy. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Myagmarsuren, 33, walks back to his yurt in Shivert, Mongolia, the world`s least densely populated country, with 2.7 million people spread across an area three times the size of France. (Carlos Barria/Reuters)

Alice Arthur is a firewoman on Out Skerries, a tiny, treeless island off the east coast of Scotland. The total population of the island is 65; it would take more than 100 million Out Skerries to match the world`s 7 billion in population. (Olivia Harris/Reuters)

Owen Anderson, 12, takes a guitar lesson at Out Skerries school in September. Owen is one of only seven children on the island, making the school the smallest in the United Kingdom. (Olivia Harris/Reuters)

Aron Anderson, 6, plays at Out Skerries school in September. Islanders have been fighting efforts to close their one classroom high school. (Olivia Harris/Reuters)

Out Skerries, about halfway between Norway and Scotland, is reknowned for its birdlife and isolation, with just 65 residents. (Olivia Harris/Reuters)

Glasses of milk sit on top of pictures of all the pupils at Out Skerries school - all 7, Sept. 22, 2011. (Olivia Harris/Reuters)

A combination picture shows 28 of the wives of Ziona, the head of a religious sect called `Chana,` which allows polygamy and was founded by Ziona`s father in 1942. Ziona has 39 wives, 94 children and 33 grandchildren. He lives in his 4 story 100-room house with 181 members of his family. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Ziona, 67, takes a break at the construction site of a church in Baktawng village in the northeastern Indian state of Mizoram, Oct. 5, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Bikmawi, a granddaughter of Ziona, looks out from the window of her room at their residence in Baktawng, Oct. 5, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Ziona`s 4 story house in Baktawng village where he lives with 181 members of his family, Oct. 6, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Sons and grandsons of Ziona play soccer inside their home in Baktawng village, Oct. 5, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

A wife of Ziona prepares breakfast at their residence, Oct. 5, 2011. Meal preparation is a huge undertaking. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Villagers roast a pig for lunch for Ziona`s family, Oct. 5, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Saroni, 42, and Manuni, 35, the 12th and 32nd wives of Ziona, cut banana branches to feed pigs in Baktawng village, Oct. 6, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

A daughter-in-law of Ziona holds her grandson at their home. Oct. 7, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Heni, 23, a granddaughter-in-law of Ziona, lives with the other numerous members of his family in a 4 story residence, Oct. 6, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Laundry hangs out to dry on the roof of Ziona`s residence, Oct. 6, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Zuali, 37, the 20th wife of Ziona, adjusts his shirt as his sons and driver wait before heading towards the construction site of a church,Oct. 5, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Family members wave from a vehicle on their way to a church construction site, Oct. 5, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Family members of Ziona pose for group photograph outside their residence, October 7, 2011. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)



 

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